Meet the Mushrooms | Lonumedhu

Meet the Mushrooms

Category: Exploring Food

Humans have been eating mushrooms since ancient times. There’s even a term for the act of eating mushrooms. It’s called mycophagy. Ancient Romans and Greeks, especially the high ranking ones of society, enjoyed mushrooms as food while the ancient Chinese used it for medical purposes as well. Edible mushrooms have been found in association with a 13,000 year old archaeological site in Chile while the mummy of a man who lived between 3400 and 3100 BCE in Europe, was found with two types of mushrooms.

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/Mushrooms1Inside.jpg

Mushrooms belong to the fungi kingdom. They are actually the fleshy spore bearing fruiting bodies of fungi; meaning a mushroom is actually the fungi’s reproductive structure. While plants and animals consume light or food to grow, mushrooms grow by digesting the nutrients they secrete. 

Mushrooms come in all types and shapes and are plenty, with around 14,000 identified species. But not all of them are edible. For a mushroom to be considered edible, it must not have poisonous effects on humans and must come with a desirable taste and aroma. Even the mushrooms considered edible can cause allergic reactions for some people. So it’s always advisable to be cautious when handling mushrooms. Mushrooms improperly stored can cause food poisoning as well.

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/Mushrooms2Inside.jpg

The mushrooms you see in your food most likely come from commercial mushroom farms. Mushrooms are grown commercially in around 60 countries with China growing the most, followed by Japan and the US.

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/WhiteandBrownMushroomsInside.jpg

Popular mushroom varieties used in cooking include Agaricus bisporus, a mushroom native to grasslands in Europe and North America. Agaricus bisporus in its toddler form is small and white and often called Button mushrooms, and they are probably the most commonly used type of mushroom. They taste mild and are great when sautéed with garlic; they are superb as a pizza topping too.

As the Agaricus bisporus mushrooms age, they turn brown. At this stage they are called Cremini mushrooms and they carry a much deeper flavour compared to button mushrooms.

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/PortobelloInside.jpg

The flavour continues to deepen and becomes more concentrated as the Agaricus bisporus mushrooms age to become Portobello mushrooms. Portobello mushrooms are usually associated with Italian cooking and are great in pastas and creamy sauces.

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/ShiitakeInside.jpg

The Shiitake mushroom is native to East Asia and appears in Asian cuisines such as Japanese and Chinese. They have a light woody and umami flavour and can be used fresh or dried.

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/EnokiInside.jpg

Another mushroom variety that’s associated with Asian cuisine, especially the Japanese cuisine, is Enoki. They come in clusters of small white sticks with small white caps. Apart from being used in stir fries and soups, they can be eaten raw too.

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/TruffleInside.jpg

Black Truffle is one of the more expensive types of mushrooms, as well as food in the world. The hefty price is due to how difficult they are to grow, harvest and store. These are quick to perish and has a pungent earthy scent and because of how pricy they are, truffles are usually used sparingly, shaved over eggs, pastas and soups.

Mushrooms are a low calorie food that packs quite a nutritional punch by including fiber, protein and antioxidants. Their umami and earthy flavour together with their meaty texture makes them a popular meat substitute as well.

Interviews

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/Interviews%20section%20covershot.jpg

Eating Out

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/Restaurant%20Reviews%20covershot.jpg

Curry Recipes

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/Copy%20of%20Copy%20of%20Copy%20of%20Copy%20of%20Copy%20of%20Copy%20of%20Copy%20of%20Copy%20of%20Tuna%20Recipes%2821%29.jpg

Hedhikaa Recipes

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/HedhikaRecipes.jpg

Dessert Recipes

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/Dessert%20Recipes.jpg

Chicken Recipes

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/ChickenRecipesonLonumedhu.jpg

Rice Recipes

https://lonumedhu.com/sites/default/files/RiceRecipes.jpg

About Lonumedhu

Lonumedhu is about eating great food right here in the Maldives.

Our easy to follow recipes use locally available ingredients.

In our blog you will find food news, interviews with chefs and cooks, useful information about eating out and other foodie reads. 

 

 

Contacts

info@lonumedhu.com

© Lonumedhu.com 2017-2021. All rights reserved. No part of this website may be reproduced without the written permission of the publisher.

Advertisers

Lonumedhu.com has partnered with Qualia Pvt Ltd, a publishing & marketing agency, for its desktop and mobile advertising.

Advertising enquiries should be directed to (960) 987 4396 or marketing.sales@lonumedhu.com.

Keep in Touch